Glossary

Description
Farmland Conversion Impact Rating
A NRCS method of determining prime and unique farmland impacts from a project based on twelve (12) site assessment criteria. Agricultural lands which score160 points or greater should be disclosed in the environmental document and should discuss alternatives to avoid farmland impacts. Typically, Form CPA-106 is used for corridor type projects and Form AD-1006 is utilized for alternatives. Specific requirements can be found at 7 CFR 658.5. NCDOT generally provides copies of the NRCS forms in an appendix to the environmental document.
Farmland Protection Policy Act of 1981 (FPPA)
See Glossary of Environmental Laws
Feasibility Studies
A Feasibility Study is the investigation of a candidate Transportation Improvement Project (TIP) requested by the public, local governments, and/or Board of Transportation members. The purpose of the study is to describe the proposed project, including costs of a few potential alternatives and identify potential problems and impacts, but not based on extensive analysis. NCDOT management and the Board of Transportation use the findings in selecting projects for the TIP.
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
See Acronym Cross Reference
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
See Acronym Cross Reference
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
See Acronym Cross Reference
Federal Lead Agency
The Federal Lead Agency is the agency preparing or having taken primary responsibility for preparing the environmental document. Where federal-aid funding is anticipated, the U.S. Department of Transportation (FHWA) shall be the Federal lead agency in the environmental review process for a project. Where no federal-aid funding is anticipated, the USACE will normally be the lead agency. (Merger Roles and Responsibilities)
Federal Participating Agency
Federal Participating Agency means any Federal agency (other than a lead agency) which has jurisdiction or authority with respect to the project, has expertise or information relevant to the project, and intends to submit comments on the project. (Merger Roles and Responsibilities)
Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
See Acronym Cross Reference
Federal Species of Concern (FSC)
A plant or animal species that may or may not be listed under the ESA as threatened or endangered in the future. Typically, FSC can include those plants and animals that are uncommon to rare, there is insufficient information to include them for listing or have very specific needs or diminishing habitat and may be candidates for future listing under the ESA. These species are not afforded Federal protection under Section 7 of the ESA.
Federal Transit Administration (FTA)
See Acronym Cross Reference
Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS)
The final environmental document for a project or program action which incorporates and addresses substantial concerns identified by the public or from review agencies following the issuance of the DEIS. FHWA requirements are specified at 23 CFR 771.125.
Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI or FNSI)
The final environmental document where there has been a determination that the proposed action will not have a significant impact on the environment. FHWA requirements are specified at 23 CFR 771.121.
Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act of 1934
See Glossary of Environmental Laws
Flat [Wet Flat]
Typically found in the inner and outer coastal plain and sandhills on flat areas in interstream divides. These areas are seasonally saturated or inundated by a high or perched water table and soils are mineral to slightly organic. Non-riverine wetlands where the primary source of hydrology is precipitation. Vegetation varies from hardwoods to mixed pine hardwoods, to pine (NCDENR; A Field Guide to North Carolina Wetlands, EPA # 904/B-94/001, DEM Report No.96-01, January 1996;).
Floodplain
Generally, it is a plain or any land area bordering a river or stream subject or susceptible to periodic flooding. Often times the abbreviated term is utilized in reference to the 100-year floodplain which is the area adjoining a river or stream covered by water in the event of a 100-year flood. The 100-year flood is the flood having a 1% chance of being equaled or exceeded in magnitude in any given year. Contrary to popular belief, the 100-year flood is not a flood occurring once every 100 years.
Floodway
The floodway is the channel of a river or stream and the adjacent area that must be reserved in order to discharge the 100-year flood without cumulatively increasing the water surface elevation more than one foot.
Footings
A shallow foundation designed to support and distribute the load of the above structure to soils below. A footing may sit directly on the soil or may sit atop a group of piles or drilled piers. A footing atop piles or drilled piers is sometimes referred to as a pile cap.
Form AD 1006
See Farmland Conversion Impact Rating
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
See Glossary of Environmental Laws
Freeway
A facility with a functional purpose of high mobility and low access. The facility has full control of access; no traffic signals, no driveways, and a minimum of 4 travel lanes with a median. Connections are provided only at interchanges for major cross streets. All cross streets are separated.
Functional Design
Very general highway design that includes horizontal and vertical alignments, edge of pavement, construction limits and right of way limits for all alignments, intersections and interchanges with in a study corridor. Functional designs are prepared on orthophotography with Graphic Information System (GIS) features after project purpose and need is established (Concurrence Point No. 1). Functional Designs are prepared to determine constructability, estimate human and environmental impacts and establish a project cost.
Future 'No-build' Average Daily Traffic
[See ADT]
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