Glossary

Description
N.C. Certified Sites
A N.C. Department of Commerce designation for properties that meet Phase I environmental assessment requirements and are 'certified' as being potential priority development parcels.
N.C. Environmental Policy Act
See State Environmental Policy Act - SEPA or NCEPA
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA)
See Glossary of Environmental Laws
National Flood Insurance Reform Act of 1994
See Glossary of Environmental Laws
National Highway System (NHS)
The Interstate System as well as other roads important to the nation's economy, defense, and mobility; developed by the United States Department of Transportation in cooperation with the states, local officials, and metropolitan planning organizations.
National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA) [Sections 106 & 110]
See Glossary of Environmental Laws
National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
See Acronym Cross Reference
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
See Acronym Cross Reference
National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit
A permit issued for point source (end of pipe) discharges under the "National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System" [per Section 402 of the Clean Water Act]; also used to regulate stormwater discharges from certain urban areas and developing counties. http://www.nceep.net/resources/glossary.pdf
National Register of Historic Places (NRHP)
The Nation's official list of cultural resources worthy of preservation. Properties listed in the Register include districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects that are significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture. The National Register is administered by the National Park Service, which is part of the U.S. Department of the Interior. Section 106 of the NHPA applies to resources listed in or eligible for listing in the NRHP. http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/about.htm
National Trails System Act of 1968
See Glossary of Environmental Laws
National Wetlands Inventory (NWI)
The National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) of the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) produces information on the characteristics, extent, and status of the Nation's wetlands and deepwater habitats. Congressional mandates in the Emergency Wetlands Resources Act require USFWS to map wetlands, and to digitize, archive and distribute the maps. With funding from other Federal, State, Tribal, local and private organizations, the Service has produced final maps for much of the nation. About half are digitized and available to the public on the Internet. Hard-copy maps are available through Cooperator-run Distribution Centers. A Congressional mandate also requires USFWS to produce status and trends reports to Congress at ten-year intervals. NWI maps and digital data are distributed widely throughout the country and the world. NWI wetlands status and trends and other reports are used widely and referenced in policy decisions.
National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966
See Glossary of Environmental Laws
Nationwide Permit/Nationwide General Permit
General permits are USACE authorizations that are issued on a nationwide or regional basis for a category or categories of activities. This refers to both those regional permits issued by District or Division Engineers on a regional basis and to nationwide permits that are issued by the Chief of Engineers through publication in the Federal Register. (33 CFR 325) Nationwide Permits (NWPs) are general permits issued on a nationwide basis to authorize minor activities with minimal evaluation time. The thresholds for the impacts and the types of activities allowed under the Nationwide Program are established as national policy. Additionally, there are regional conditions associated with each Nationwide Permit used in North Carolina, which are established by the USACE Wilmington District and approved by the USACE Division Office in Atlanta.
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990 (NAGPRA)
See Glossary of Environmental Laws
Natural Environment Unit (NEU, formerly ONE)
Part of NCDOT's PDEA branch, the NEU is primarily responsible for Natural Resource Surveys and Reports, Endangered Species Surveys, permits and on-site mitigation.
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
See Acronym Cross Reference. Formerly USDA Soil Conservation Service or SCS.
New Location
A proposed alternative that does not utilize the alignment or right of way of an existing roadway or corridor.
Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)
A yellowish-brown, acid gas priority air pollutant that can cause respiratory problems. Nitrogen dioxide and other oxides of nitrogen are a concern because they cause a significant role in the formation of ozone, particle pollution, haze and acid rain. Vegetative burning following clearing and grubbing activities can be a major localized source of nitrogen dioxide emissions.
No-Build Alternative
The proposed action would not take place and the resulting environmental effects from taking no action would be compared with the effects of the build alternatives. Serves as a baseline for comparison to the proposed build alternatives.
Noise Abatement Criteria (NAC)
The noise level above which projects will require consideration of noise abatement measures when studies identify a noise impact. For more detailed information, see NCDOT's Traffic Noise Abatement Policy.
Noise Control Act of 1972
See Glossary of Environmental Laws
Non-Attainment
It is an area that violates the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) health standards for air quality as defined in the Clean Air Act. An area may be an attainment area for one pollutant (i.e. Ozone, PM2.5) and a nonattainment area for others.
Non-Attainment
Designated areas of the country where air pollution levels persistently exceed the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone (1-hour and 8-hour), carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter (PM-10 and PM-2.5) or lead.
Non-Federal Participating Agency
Non-Federal Participating Agency means any agency (other than a joint lead agency) which has jurisdiction or authority with respect to the project, has expertise or information relevant to the project, and intends to submit comments on the project.
Non-Point Source (of pollution)
Any source of pollution that enters the environment through some means other than a discrete conveyance, such as a pipe from a sewage treatment plant. Nonpoint source pollution is diffuse in character. The main form of non-point source pollution is the polluted runoff that drains into our streams, rivers, lakes and estuaries.
North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC)
See Acronym Cross Reference
North Carolina Coastal Region Evaluation of Wetland Significance (NC­CREWS)
NC­CREWS is a GIS-based model developed by DCM that measures 3 major wetland functions (i.e., Hydrology, Water Quality and Wildlife Habitat), 7 wetland subfunctions, and 39 landscape and wetland parameters. Wetlands are assigned ratings of Beneficial, Substantial or Exceptional Significance, depending on how well they perform the various wetland functions.
North Carolina Department of Commerce (NCDOC)
See Acronym Cross Reference
North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources (NCDCR)
See Acronym Cross Reference
North Carolina Department of Environmental and Natural Resources (NCDENR)
See Acronym Cross Reference
North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT)
See Acronym Cross Reference
North Carolina Forest Service (NCFS) [See DFR]
See Acronym Cross Reference
North Carolina Moving Ahead!
In accordance with House Bill 48, identified as "North Carolina Moving Ahead", ratified by the North Carolina General Assembly, the NCDOT is authorized to use Highway Trust Fund cash balances in the amount of 630 million dollars ($630,000,000) in fiscal years 2003-2005 for highway system preservation, modernization, and maintenance projects that will enhance safety, reduce congestion, improve traffic flow, reduce accidents, upgrade pavement widths and shoulders, extend pavement life, improve pavement smoothness, and rehabilitate or replace deficient bridges.
North Carolina Natural Heritage Program (NCNHP)
See Acronym Cross Reference
North Carolina Thinking Ahead!
A special working group looking for ways to meet more of the state's growing transportation needs. This 12-member group brings together a range of transportation stakeholders and experts from across the state and is examining short-term transportation needs such as safety, maintenance and economic development, as well as studying solutions to find resources to implement the state's long-range transportation plan.
North Carolina Turnpike Authority (NCTA)
The North Carolina Turnpike Authority was created in 2002 to study, develop, construct, operate and maintain toll roads in the state. The Authority's charge is to determine if and where there are areas where toll roads may be developed to provide alternate access to heavily congested roadways. The NCTA will complement the Department of Transportation's ongoing congestion-fighting efforts and will help meet more transportation needs than the department could otherwise afford. http://www.ncdot.org/ncta/
Notice of Intent (NOI)
Is an announcement published in the Federal Register that informs the public that an EIS is required to be prepared to address a project's potential environmental impacts. The FWHA Division prepares the NOI in accordance with 23 CFR Part 771.123 and 40 CFR Part 1508.22 as soon as a decision has been reached to prepare an EIS. The NOI briefly describes the project and study area, its purpose and need, preliminary alternatives (if there are any identified), the agency contact person (name and address), and what the chief environmental issues should be. A NOI is only issued for projects requiring the preparation of an EIS once the Lead Federal Agency (i.e., FHWA) has made its determination.
Nutrient Sensitive Waters (NSW)
Waters subject to growths of microscopic or macroscopic vegetation requiring limitations on nutrient inputs.
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